1718 - 1830
The Georgian Period took place during the reign of King George I –George IV. The Georgian period is separated into Rococo, Gothic, and Neoclassical. Jewelry made during this period was handmade containing various irregularities in design. Consisting of Rose Cut, Cushion Cut, and early Brilliant Cut Diamonds set in gold, as supply of these materials became scarce, copper alloy was substituted for gold. This alloy was called “Pinchback” after it’s inventor. Faceted rosettes of polished steel were used as substitutes for diamonds. By 1750, Rubies, Sapphires, and Emeralds were in fashion along with other gems such as; Amethyst; Chartreuse; Coral; Ivory; and Seed Pearls. Carved stones such as Onyx, Shell, and Carnelian were also popular. Parures or sets consisting of matching Necklaces, Earrings, bracelets, and rings were stylish. Short choker style necklaces, single drop and chandelier style three drop earrings along with Cameos and Mosaics with graduating diamonds were also fashionable.